journey to cover the other costs of travelling (such as motorway tolls, excess baggage charges and the sexes and a secret ballot. MEPs are organised into seven different cross-nationality political groups, except the 57 non-attached members known as Non-Inscrits. It was a consultative assembly of 78 appointed parliamentarians drawn from the national parliaments of member states, having no legislative powers. The Code of Conduct defines conflicts of interest and how Members should address them and it includes rules on, for example, official gifts to Members and professional activities of former Members. These declarations are a reflection of the demanding rules and standards of transparency laid down in the Code of Conduct. Members are often required to travel within and outside the Member State in which they were elected, both The contracts for those assistants are On the other hand, Cyprus has elected zero women, and Slovakia elected only 15 percent. This article incorporates text from a free content work. There are several categories of assistant. taken. MEPs do not receive this money: it is paid out partly image/svg+xml. [21][22] The oldest MEP is Silvio Berlusconi of Italy, who was 82 at the start of the July 2019 session. Since 1979 MEPs have been elected by direct universal suffrage for a five-year period. It is the second largest economy in the world in nominal terms, after the United States, and the third one in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms, after China and the United States. [17], As of 2019[update], the youngest MEP is Kira Marie Peter-Hansen of Denmark, who was 21 at the start of the July 2019 session, and is additionally the youngest person ever elected to the European Parliament. The names or corporate names of all assistants are Current MEPs also include former judges, trade union leaders, media personalities, actors, soldiers, singers, athletes, and political activists. MEPs are women. [16] The percentage of women in the EU parliament has increased from 15.2 percent after the first European Parliament election in 1979 to 41 percent after 2019 European Parliament election. in the performance of their official duties and for other purposes (for example, to attend a conference The Following accession on 1 January 2007, the observers became MEPs (with some personnel changes). or take part in a working visit). Text taken from EU closes in on target for gender parity in the European Parliament, Kashyap Raibagi/VoxEurop, EDJNet. Overall, thirteen countries elected 45 to 55 percent female MEPs, with seven countries reaching exactly 50 percent. allowances that are intended to cover the expenditure they incur in the performance of their Strasbourg are employed directly by Parliament. The much-criticised expenses arrangements were also partially reformed. More information on pay can be found here. accommodation and related expenses up to a maximum annual amount of €4 517. Observers may attend debates and take part by invitation, but they may not vote or exercise other official duties. European Union is an international organisation consisting of European Countries, which was formed in 1993. Under the protocol on the privileges and immunities of the European Union, MEPs in their home state receive the same immunities as their own national parliamentarians. Parliament before the 2009 elections could opt to keep the overview of recent national elections in all EU Member States. [14], Members declare their financial interests in order to prevent any conflicts of interest. The European Parliament is made up of 705 Members elected in the 27 Member States of the enlarged European Union. Six times a year the Parliament meets for two days each in Brussels,[7] where the Parliament's committees, political groups, and other organs also mainly meet. In the case of meetings organised outside [9], The total cost of the European Parliament is approximately €1.756 billion per year according to its 2014 budget, about €2.3 million per member of parliament. However, despite the drop, Malta still elected 50 percent women in 2019. phased out. 30.10.2009 m2. contract, unless they obtain a derogation on duly justified Other Eastern European countries, namely Romania, Greece, Lithuania and Bulgaria, all elected fewer than 30 percent female MEPs. One of the oldest common institutions, it began as the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). Most meetings of the European Parliament, such as plenary sessions, committee meetings and political Elections are held once every five years, on the basis of universal suffrage. [10], Until 2009, MEPs were paid (by their own Member State) exactly the same salary as a member of the lower House of their own national parliament. Many outgoing MEPs move into other political office. [12] As of July 1, 2019, the monthly salary is of €8,932.86, or just over €107,000 per year. the allowance is halved, even if the Member is present. The economy of the European Union is the joint economy of the member states of the European Union (EU). To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. The Code of Conduct also puts an obligation on Members to submit a detailed declaration of their financial interests. The number of observers and their method of appointment (usually by national parliaments) is laid down in the joining countries' Treaties of Accession. Many other MEPs have held office at a regional or local level in their home states. an employment contract or a service provider contract. recruit three accredited assistants, or, in certain their own assistants within a budget set by Parliament. Aside from working through their groups, individual members are also guaranteed a number of individual powers and rights within the Parliament: Every month except August the Parliament meets in Strasbourg for a four-day plenary session. In addition, Australian and other Commonwealth citizens residing in the United Kingdom, up until, Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe § Members, List of members of the European Parliament, 2019–2024, Learn how and when to remove this template message, European Union–United Kingdom relations, Post-Brexit United Kingdom relations with the European Union, Political groups of the European Parliament, first European Parliament election in 1979, Category:Members of the European Parliament, List of current Members of the European Parliament, "Rule 1 in Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament (link is dead)", "The European Parliament: historical background | Fact Sheets on the European Union | European Parliament", "The European Parliament and Supranational Party System", "Understanding the European Parliament from a Federalist Perspective: The Legislatures of the USA and EU Compared", "The European Parliament § Future organisation of the European Parliament", Fresh start with new Members' Statute: The salary – a judgmental question, "EU Parliament Users' Guide Code of Conduct for Members", "In parliaments across Europe women face alarming levels of sexism, harassment and violence", "EU closes in on target for gender parity in the European Parliament", "How gender balanced will the next European Parliament be? also assesses alleged breaches of the Code of Conduct and advises the President on possible action to be Each of the five Members serves as When the countries then become full member states, these observers become full MEPs for the interim period between accession and the next European elections. The so-called "dual mandate", in which an individual is a member of both his or her national parliament and the European Parliament, was officially discouraged by a growing number of political parties and Member States, and is prohibited as of 2009. The allowance is halved in the case of Members who, without due justification, The salary comes from Until 2009, MEPs were paid (by their own Member State) exactly the same salary as a member of the lower House of their own national parliament. Members during parliamentary activity periods, on condition that they prove their attendance by It is now recording about 4,000 new daily cases and has the second highest COVID-related death rate … Upon presentation of the supporting documents, Implementing Measures for the Statute for Members. assistants must not engage in any external activities that Licensed under CC BY 4.0. social security and tax rules. [21], European citizens are eligible for election in the member state where they reside (subject to the residence requirements of that state); they do not have to be a national of that state. Members also have to declare gifts they have received when representing Parliament in an official capacity, under the conditions laid down in the Implementing Measures to the Code of Conduct. a valid contract, and partly to the relevant income tax Local assistants assist MEPs in the Member State in which The following citizens have been elected in a state other than their native country;[23]. This immunity may be waived by application to the European Parliament by the authorities of the member state in question. However, according to the goal set by the European Institute for Gender Equality, a ratio between 40 and 60 percent is considered acceptable. The monthly pre-tax salary of MEPs under the single [20], In the 2019 elections 308 female MEPs were elected (41%). election in 1979. The basic Members of the European Parliament are free to choose Members of the European Parliament. of the allowance. There are usually a number of former prime ministers and former members of the European Commission. For UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU’S. from Austria, where it is 16. management costs, telephone and postal charges, and the purchase, operation and maintenance of computer regulation (eu) no 465/2012 of the european parliament and of … Text taken from How gender balanced will the next European Parliament be?, Gina Pavone/OBC Transeuropa, EDJNet. For instance, after the 2004 elections, the majority of elected members had not been members in the prior parliamentary session, though that could largely be put down to the recent enlargement. At the request of the President the Advisory Committee The European Parliament has a high turnover of members compared to some national parliaments. Slightly more than a third of Each member state establishes its own method for electing MEPs – and in some states this has changed over time – but the system chosen must be a form of proportional representation. experience and of political balance between Parliament's political groups. [18] The FEMM Committee requested a study exploring the results of the election in terms of gender balance. Member states are allowed to add a national taxation if the national taxation is higher than the EU tax. No change in this configuration can occur without the unanimous consent of all national governments. their Member State of election, only travel expenses are reimbursed, up to a maximum annual amount From 26 September 2005 to 31 December 2006, Bulgaria had 18 observers in Parliament and Romania 35. Now all members of the European Parliament are paid the same amount every month from the EU budget. Hans-Gert Pöttering served the longest continuous term from the first elections in 1979 until 2014. The electoral area may be subdivided if this will not generally affect the proportional nature of the voting system. [8] The obligation to spend one week a month in Strasbourg was imposed on Parliament by the Member State governments at the 1992 Edinburgh summit. This has been reduced to 705 members after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union in January 2020, with each member state now having at least six and at most 96 MEPs.[2]. 1989, was closed to new members from July 2009 and is being maximum of the D business class (or similar) air fare, the first class rail fare or €0.53 per km for car [4] Although, the European groups, between 2004 and 2009, were actually more cohesive than their US counterparts.[5][6]. [19] EU institutions have focused on how to achieve a better gender balance (at least 40 percent) or gender parity (50 percent) in the next Parliament, and for other high-level posts in other institutions. Find MEPs by Country. A Member of the European Parliament (MEP) is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.[1]. single statute which came into effect in July 2009. [13], The single statute represented a pay-cut for MEPs from some member states (e.g. Thus, since the 2009 elections, all MEPs receive a monthly pre-tax salary set at 38.5% of that of a judge at the European Court of Justice. the salary for each full year’s exercise of a mandate but not The European Parliament is made up of 705 Members elected in the 27 Member States of the enlarged group meetings, take place in Brussels or Strasbourg. The Advisory Committee publishes each year a report of its work. Salary. political group not otherwise represented in the Advisory Committee. The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members is the body responsible for giving Members guidance on the He was Member of Parliament (MP) for Witney from 2001 to 2016 and leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016. circumstances, four. To reach gender parity, women should hold 50% of seats and positions of power. David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician, businessman, lobbyist and author who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016. Around a third of MEPs have previously held national parliamentary mandates, and over 10% have ministerial experience at a national level. It is conventional for countries acceding to the European Union to send a number of observers to Parliament in advance. On the other hand, in eight countries this goal was reached despite the absence of such systems. 35. "MEPs" redirects here. as a salary to assistants who fulfil the requirements and have Some member states elect their MEPs to represent a single national constituency; other states apportion seats to sub-national regions for election. The European Parliament is due to debate a resolution that would symbolically declare the entire 27-member European Union to be a “freedom zone” for LGBT people. ", "Analysis of political parties' and independent candidates' policies for gender balance in the European Parliament after the elections of 2014", "40% of MEPs in EU Parliament are female, new figures show", "Meet the European Parliament's youngest ever MEP", "Parliament to welcome Croatian "observer" members", The election of the Members of the European Parliament, Intergroup on long term investment and reindustrialisation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Member_of_the_European_Parliament&oldid=1012917116, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. As a result, there was a wide range of salaries in the European Parliament. Luxembourg, Slovenia and Latvia all elected 50 percent female MEPs. not exceed 75% of the parliamentary assistance allowance. database available covering developments in the political If a Member does not take part in more than half of the roll-call votes on voting days in plenary Italy, Germany, and Austria), a rise for others (particularly the low-paid eastern European Members) and status quo for those from the United Kingdom, until January 2020 (depending on the euro-pound exchange rate). The publication is the most complete and comprehensive Sweden elected the highest percentage of female MEPs: 55 percent. No single group has ever held a majority in Parliament. These were selected from government and opposition parties as agreed by the countries' national parliaments. might result in a conflict of interest. they were elected. In the 2004–2009 Parliament, a small number of members still held a dual mandate. There is no uniform voting system for the election of MEPs; rather, each member state is free to choose its own system, subject to three restrictions: The allocation of seats to each member state is based on the principle of degressive proportionality, so that, while the size of the population of each nation is taken into account, smaller states elect more MEPs than would be strictly justified by their populations alone. Such gifts are reported in the register of gifts. Under the statute, former Members are entitled to an Women are generally under-represented in politics and public life in the EU, as well as in national parliaments, governments and local assemblies. [3] As a result of being broad alliances of national parties, European groups parties are very decentralised and hence have more in common with parties in federal states like Germany or the United States than unitary states like the majority of the EU states. This article incorporates text from a free content work. relevant terms and conditions are laid down in Chapter 5 of the Bulgarians vote for new parliament amid COVID-19 fears, anger over endemic graft ... despite persistent concerns about corruption in the European Union’s poorest member … The pension equals 3.5% of For activities within For activities outside their Member State of election, Members may be reimbursed for their travel, Licensed under CC BY 4.0. At least 25% of the parliamentary Indeed, Brussels is de facto the main base of the Parliament, as well as of the Commission and the Council. salary is set at 38.5% of the basic salary of a judge at the Salary. Member the Member State in which the MEP concerned was elected. political group meetings. Eight member states elected a lower number of women in 2019 than in 2014. Bulgaria weathered the first wave of the pandemic last year relatively well, but like other eastern European countries has suffered badly in the current wave. Comparable maximum amounts have been set for legal When the European Parliament (then known as the Common Assembly of the ECSC) first met in 1952, its members were directly appointed by the governments of member states from among those already sitting in their own national parliaments. For information on reusing text from Wikipedia, please see the terms of use. MEPs are grouped by political affinity, not nationality. reservation fees). European Court of Justice. The terms and conditions for Members are laid out in the Statute of 2009. Earlier European organizations that were a precursor to the European union did not have MEPs. Since 1979 MEPs have been elected by direct universal suffrage for a five-year These two groups have dominated the Parliament for much of its life, continuously holding between 40 and 70 percent of the seats together. composition of the European Parliament to its first direct COM(2018) 392 final. Accredited assistants working in Brussels, Luxembourg or In other member states, MEPs are immune from detention and from legal proceedings, except when caught in the act of committing an offense. previous national system for salary, transitional allowance and are held - and Brussels, where they attend additional plenary sittings, as well as committee and Their Local assistants can have either themselves how to share out the costs. European Union. MEPs divide their time between their constituencies, Strasbourg - where 12 plenary sittings a year [13] MEPs also receive a general expenditure allowance of €4,563 per month. The total cost of the European Parliament is approximately €1.756 billion per year according to its 2014 budget, about €2.3 million per member of parliament. the right to table a motion for resolution, the right to table an amendment to any text in committee, the right to move the inadmissibility of a matter, This page was last edited on 19 March 2021, at 01:16. statute is €8,932.86 as of 1.7.2019. per MEP. contributions, after which the salary is €6,962.95. grounds of protection of their safety. signing one of the official registers made available for that purpose. With effect from the elections held in May 2014 the number had risen to 751. Similarly, Croatia had 12 observer members from 17 April 2012, appointed by the Croatian parliament in preparation for its accession in 2013.[25]. parliamentary duties. chairperson for six months, on a rotating basis. The salary comes from Parliament's budget and is subject to an EU tax and insurance contributions, after which the salary is €6,962.95. Traineeships may be offered either at Parliament or in the European Union budget. establishing rules on support for strategic plans to be drawn up by Member States under the Common agricultural policy (CAP Strategic Plans) and financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and by the European … Malta, Cyprus and Estonia lost the most female representation in the EU parliament, dropping by 17 percentage points, while Slovakia dropped by 16. and telematics equipment. An additional pension scheme, introduced for MEPs in [18], After the 2014 European Parliament election 11 countries of 28 reached this goal in their own quota of elected candidates. authorities. Direct access to language menu (press "Enter"), Direct access to search menu (press "Enter"), Statute for Members of the European Parliament, Code of Conduct for Members of the European Parliament with respect to financial interests and conflicts of interest, Implementing Measures to the Code of Conduct, Declaration of Members attendance pursuant to an invitation at events organised by third parties, Notification of gifts received by Members representing Parliament in an official capacity, Register of gifts - 7th parliamentary term, Register of gifts - 8th parliamentary term, Register of gifts - 9th parliamentary term, Rules of Procedure of the Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Annual Report - 2012, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Annual Report - 2013, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Annual Report - 2014 - first half, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Annual Report - 2014 - second half, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Annual Report - 2015, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Annual Report - 2016, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Annual Report - 2017, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Annual Report - 2018, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Annual Report - 2019 - first half, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Annual Report - 2019 - second half, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Rota of Chairs-in-Office - 9th term - first half, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Draft calendar of meetings - 2019 & 2020, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members - Draft calendar of meetings – 2021, Code of Conduct for Members of the European Parliament, The Advisory Committee on the Conduct of Members, Review of European and National Election Results, Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats), Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament, Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance, European Conservatives and Reformists Group, The Left group in the European Parliament - GUE/NGL. They then decide among assistance allowance is earmarked for accredited assistants. The salary is € 8.020,53 per month with a mild EU tax bringing it down to around € 6.250,37 (2014 figures). Parliament's budget and is subject to an EU tax and insurance period. Cyprus dropped from 17 percent in 2014 to zero women this year, while Estonia dropped from 50 to 33 percent. It came into force after the signing of the Maastricht Treaty by 28 countries. persons providing services and for paying agents. the European Union, the allowance is €162 (likewise subject to the signing of a register), with Total expenditure on local assistants and trainees may commission regulation (eu) no 1244/2010 of 9 december 2010 l 338. spectrum across the EU, tracing back election results and the The Advisory Committee is composed of five Members. do not attend half the number of plenary sittings in one parliamentary year (September to August). This penalty is announced by the President in Plenary and prominently published on Parliament's website for the remainder of the Parliamentary term. These declarations are published annually in a register and are available on the Internet.[15]. To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. published on Parliament’s website for the duration of their old-age pension from the age of 63. 2018/0216(COD) Proposal for a. Who can apply: Nationals of Member State of the European Union, who have a level of education corresponding to completed or ongoing university studies or vocational training relevant for the tasks of Europol and very good knowledge of at least two European Union languages (of which one should be English). The Parliament, like the other institutions, was not designed in its current form when it first met on 10 September 1952. The cost of these pensions is met from The two largest groups are the European People's Party (EPP) and the Socialists & Democrats (S&D). determined on a country-by-country basis. This allowance is intended to cover expenditure in the Member State of election, such as Members’ office Expenditure on service providers, however, may not exceed 25% regulation (ec) no 988/2009 of the european parliament and of the council of 16 september 2009 l 284. journeys (up to a maximum of 1 000 km), plus fixed allowances based on the distance and duration of the Notably, Ian Paisley and John Hume once held "triple mandates" as MEP, MP in the House of Commons, and MLA in the Northern Ireland Assembly simultaneously.